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50 most common prepositions for English learners

of
expressing the relationship between a part and a whole
Example: The top of the mountain is covered in snow.
in
expressing the situation of something that is or appears to be enclosed or surrounded by something else
Example: He is sitting in the car.
to
expressing motion in the direction of (a particular location)
Example: She is going to the park.
for
indicating the purpose of an action or the reason for which something is done
Example: He bought flowers for his mother.
on
physically in contact with and supported by (a surface)
Example: The book is on the table.
with
accompanied by (another person or thing)
Example: She went to the movies with her friends.
as
used to refer to the function or character that someone or something has
Example: He works as a teacher.
at
expressing location or arrival in a particular place or position
Example: They met at the restaurant.
from
indicating the point in space at which a journey, motion, or action starts
Example: She comes from Spain.
by
indicating the means of achieving something
Example: The letter was sent by mail.
about
on the subject of; concerning
Example: He told me about his trip.
like
having the same characteristics or qualities as; similar to
Example: She looks like her sister.
through
moving in one side and out of the other side of (an opening, channel, or location)
Example: The car drove through the tunnel.
over
extending directly upward from
Example: The plane flew over the city.
after
subsequent to in time; following
Example: We will have dinner after the movie.
up
toward or in a higher place or position
Example: She climbed up the stairs.
out
moving or appearing to move away from a particular place, especially one that is enclosed or hidden
Example: The cat ran out of the room.
between
at, into, or across the space separating (two objects or regions)
Example: The river flows between the mountains.
down
toward or in a lower place or position
Example: He fell down the stairs.
under
extending or directly below
Example: The keys are under the mat.
since
in the intervening period between (the time mentioned) and the time under consideration, typically the present
Example: She has been working here since 2010.
before
during the period of time preceding (a particular event or time)
Example: We need to finish before sunset.
about
used to indicate movement within a particular area
Example: The kids are running about the playground.
up
to or at a place perceived as higher
Example: He stood up on the chair.
together
in each other's company; with each other
Example: They went on vacation together.
with
used to indicate the manner or means by which something is done
Example: He wrote the letter with a pen.
between
indicating a connection or relationship involving two or more parties
Example: They reached a compromise between the two sides.
among
surrounded by; in the company of
Example: He was popular among his classmates.
after
following or subsequent to in time
Example: We arrived after the movie started.
against
in opposition to; in contact with
Example: The team played against their rivals.
around
in a circle or in circumference
Example: They sat around the campfire.
throughout
in every part of; during the whole time or extent of
Example: The museum is open throughout the year.
before
in front of; ahead of
Example: The children ran before their parents.
within
inside; not further than
Example: The answer lies within yourself.
along
moving in a constant direction on (a more or less horizontal surface)
Example: They walked along the beach.
across
from one side to the other of (a place, area, etc.)
Example: The bridge stretches across the river.
through
by means of (a process or intermediate stage)
Example: They communicated through email.
over
extending across the top of
Example: The clouds spread over the sky.
below
at a lower level or layer than
Example: The fish swim below the surface.
above
in or to a higher position than
Example: The birds fly above the trees.
towards
in the direction of
Example: He walked towards the city center.
beside
at the side of; next to
Example: He sat beside his best friend.
near
at or to a short distance away from
Example: The supermarket is near the park.
off
away from
Example: She took the book off the shelf.
behind
at the back of
Example: The car is parked behind the building.
within
before (a particular period or time) has passed
Example: We'll finish within the hour.
without
not having or holding
Example: She managed to survive without help.
beyond
at or to the further side of
Example: The path leads beyond the hills.
except
not including; other than
Example: Everyone went to the party except John.
inside
within the interior of something; in the inner part
Example: The keys are inside the drawer.

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